It is a scientific procedure by which a hearing aid is selected for a hearing impaired person, using an eclectic method comprising of both subjective and objective procedures.
Mapping is the term for programming a cochlear implant to the specifications and needs of its user. MAPs are programs that help to optimize the cochlear implant user’s access to sound by adjusting the input to the electrodes on the array that is implanted into the cochlea. While each cochlear implant company has different terminology, different programming strategies, and different capacities for various MAPs on their processors, the basic ideas behind MAPping hold true for all three FDA-approved brands.
Pure tone audiometry (PTA) is the key hearing test used to identify hearing threshold levels of an individual, enabling determination of the degree, type and configuration of a hearing loss. Thus, providing the basis for diagnosis and management.
Otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) are sounds of cochlear origin, which can be recorded by a microphone fitted into the ear canal. They are caused by the motion of the cochlea’s sensory hair cells as they energetically respond to auditory stimulation.
Tympanometry is an examination used to test the condition of the middle ear and mobility of the eardrum (tympanic membrane) and the conduction bones by creating variations of air pressure in the ear canal. Tympanometry is an objective test of middle-ear function.
Auditory-verbal therapy is a method for teaching deaf children to listen and speak using their residual hearing in addition to the constant use of amplification devices such as hearing aids, FM devices, and cochlear implants. Auditory-verbal therapy emphasizes speech and listening.
Treatment in the context of speech - language disorders does not mean medical treatment. Speech Therapy focuses on Receptive and Expressive Language. In simple words it works on building the ability to understand spoken words and to use words to express oneself.
The word ‘tinnitus’ comes from the Latin word for ‘ringing’. It is the perception of sound in the absence of any corresponding external sound. The sound may be a ringing, swishing or other type of noise that seem to originate in the ear or the head. The noise may be low, medium or high pitched with varying loudness. It may be continuous or may come and go. It is fairly common and studies conducted on people aged 55 to 65 years old have found it to be present in every 2 out of 10 individuals.